Diseases Caused by Poor Hygiene

Diseases are generally classified into three based on how they are caused. They are genetic diseases, metabolic diseases and infectious diseases.

Genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis are inherited from the parents due to genetic defects.

Metabolic diseases are developed on failure of normal bodily functions. Diabetes is an example of metabolic diseases which is caused by insufficient secretion of insulin by the pancreas which in turn shoots up the blood sugar levels.

However, the third category (Infectious) of the diseases caused by poor personal hygiene and polluted environment – water, air or sanitation infrastructure – is the scope of this article.

Poor Hygiene Diseases

Bacteria, Viruses and parasites are the primary inhabitants of unhygienic places and they are the ones that cause deadly infectious diseases such as Malaria, AIDS, Tuberculosis, Cholera etc. These deadly germs use the human body as a host for reproduction and multiplying in no time thereby forcing the body succumb to their act.

Maintaining good personal hygiene (Read: personal hygiene checklist) is the best way to protect yourself from parasites, viruses and bacteria. Equally important is the hygiene in and around your home and places that you frequent.

Some of the bad hygiene diseases caused by viruses (via their carriers such as rats, mosquitoes, fleas, bats, dogs) include Common Cold, Influenza, Hepatitis, Herpes, Dengue fever, Rabies, Polio, Mumps, Measles, Yellow fever, Small pox, Warts etc.

Some of the virus infected situations can never be treated and hence they are the deadliest of them all.

Bacteria caused diseases are usually treated by Antibiotic medicines. Examples of such diseases include Diarrhea, Typhoid, Cholera, Chlamydia, Food poisoning, Anthrax, Tuberculosis etc.

Parasites such as Fungi and protozoa can cause numerous common diseases generally associated with bad hygiene. Examples of such diseases are Malaria, Amoebic dysentery, Gastro enteritis, Coccidiosis, African trypanosomiasis, various worm attacks, Athlete’s foot, Elephantiasis etc.

You can avoid falling sick through proper hygienic practices from the childhood itself. After all, prevention is better than cure!

Personal Hygiene Checklist

Regardless of your age and gender, personal hygiene plays and importance role in everyone’s life from day one till death.

Importance of Personal Hygiene

Hygiene is synonymous to health, immunity and fitness. As the old saying goes, health is wealth and unless hygiene is maintained there is no point in doing any amount of grooming or beauty job.

Maintaining good hygiene boosts your confidence level in public appearances and attracts respect as well.

Your personal hygiene and grooming checklist typically falls into the following categories.

Hand care

Humans use their hands to do most of their jobs and duties and hence it is the most important part to take care of when it comes to hygiene. You have to keep washing your hands with a good quality soap after each task that you do with your hands. In epidemic or flu season or while on travel it is advisable to use an alcohol based sanitizer to keep rubbing your hands with.

Washing hands from time to time is probably the most important aspect of personal hygiene

If you want to avoid falling sick often, hygienic way of hand washing is very important. To wash your hands properly, you have to first wet your hands, apply some liquid soap (or soap cake) – preferably anti-bacterial soap – and rub vigorously on all parts of you hand till above your wrist. You have to rub soap well into your fingers and nails with interlaced fingers and even rub the back of your palms. Keep doing that for 10-15 seconds before washing it off wth a lot of water and pat dry with a clean towel.

Skin care

Skin care is primarily about taking bath preferably twice a day. Those who work or go out regularly need to take bath as they get home afer spending some time outside. While taking bath, you have to make sure that you spend enough time applying soap or gel all over your body and scrub it very well with a scrubber or sponge working from top to bottom by covering your head, neck, torso and limbs. Taking bath in lukewarm water is preferred as it enhances the power of the soap and removes as many germs as possible.

If you are taking tub bath, usage of antibacterial bubble bath products or even adding a few drops of regular antiseptic liquids may help maintain better skin hygiene throughout the day.

It is important to wash your bath towels regularly in hot machine wash setting and equally important is the need to change your clothes daily. In addition, never use your undergarments and socks for more than once.